Original Article

Investigation by Multiple Factor Analysis of Variation of Suicide Causes According to Gender in People with Different Ages in the Years 2002 and 2012

10.5152/adutfd.2015.2147

  • Mevlüt Türe
  • İmran Kurt Ömürlü
  • Merve Cengiz
  • Can Türkiş

Received Date: 18.03.2015 Accepted Date: 23.05.2015 Meandros Med Dent J 2015;16(1):13-19

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to investigate the variation in the causes of suicide according to gender of people of different ages in the years 2002 and 2012.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The data set of 3802 individuals in the years 2002 and 2012 was created in form of multiple contingency tables which 6 causes of suicide of two years in the row and age groups according to gender in the column to be examined variables age (<15, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, ≥55), gender and causes of suicide (illness, family problems, poverty, emotional problems, educational failure and other causes) and analyzed by multiple factorial analysis for contingency tables.

RESULTS:

Dimension 1 and dimension 2 accounted for 58.82% and 15.30%, respectively, of the total inertia. Eigenvalue 1 was 1.838. It was determined that the frequency of suicide due to poverty and other causes was higher in older males than in females. In women under 24 years of age and men under 29 years of age, it was observed that the suicides were because of family and emotional problems, educational failure, and other causes in 2002 and emotional problems and educational failure in 2012. In women over 25 years of age and men over 30 years of age, it was observed that the suicides were because of poverty and illness in 2002 and poverty, illness, family problems, and other causes in 2012.

CONCLUSION:

It was determined that the causes of suicides and age according to years demonstrated a difference between males and females. Because of the fact that the other causes were different between both gender and years, the category of “other causes” should expand its content.

Keywords: Cause of suicide, contingency table, correspondence analysis, multiple factorial analysis ?