Clinical Investigation

Gastrointestinal Quality of Life in Patients with Asymptomatic Cholelithiasis After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

  • Süleyman Çetinkünar
  • Serhat Tokgöz
  • Mehmet Tokaç
  • B. Çaglar Bilgin
  • Köksal Bilgen
  • Bahadır Celep
  • Oğuz Hasdemir
  • Mesut Atlı

Received Date: 04.01.2011 Accepted Date: 11.01.2011 Meandros Med Dent J 2011;12(2):5-10


To assess the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for asymptomatic cholelithiasis before and after laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a specific quality of life instrument for gastrointestinal disorders in adults.


The Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) was studied before and after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Seventy one patients completed the GIQLI questionnaire both preoperatively and after a minimum postoperative follow-up of three months. Mean preoperative score was 126.8±14.07 out of a theoretical maximum score of 144. After three months, the score had significantly improved to 136.6±9.31, close to the range for the normal population. Not only items assessing gastrointestinal symptoms but also the domains of physical, social, and emotional function improved significantly. The most marked improvements were achieved in patients with the lowest preoperative scores.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy significantly improves the quality of life in patients with cholelithiasis who are asymptomatic or have nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms that cannot be explained by another gastrointestinal pathology.

Keywords: Cholelithiasis, gallstone, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, gastrointestinal quality of life index