Original Article

Retospective Analysis of Risk Factors, Etiological Factors and Treatment Options in Patients with Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

  • Özcan Kocatürk
  • Özlem Coşkun
  • Ruhşen Öcal
  • Levent Ertuğrul İnan
  • Seçil Özkan

Meandros Med Dent J 2012;13(1):13-18

PURPOSE:

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not a common disease. It is known to have a varied clinical spectrum. There is too much cause of the etiology of disease. In this manuscript we discussed our patients initial symptoms, cause of CVT and our patients' prognosis.

MATERIALS and METHODS:

This study was a retrospective database analysis of 29 patients who had CVT followed from 2004 to 2010. All of the patients had cranial magnetic resonans imaging (MR) and Mr /Computarized Tomography (CT) venography.

RESULTS:

There were 27 female, 2 male in this study. Mean age of the patients was 34.97 ±12.79 years old. Only eight patients had abnormal neurological examination (4 patients papilloedema, 2 patients confusion, 1 patient cerebellar dysfunction, 1 patient homonymous hemianopsia). Initial symptoms of patients were headache(n=19), epileptic seizures (n=6), blurred vision (n=1), diplopia (n=2) and one of the patient had vertigo. Ten patients had only one sinus thrombosis however 19 patients had more than one sinus thrombosis. Thrombotic risk factors were found in 21 patients. Most important risc factor were pregnancy, postpartum condition, oral contraceptive usage and acquired hypercoagulable disease.

CONCLUSION:

CVT is rare but important condition. Sometimes non specific headache is a herald of this condition. Especially pregnancy and postpartum period are susceptibility of this condition.

Keywords: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, risk factors, symptoms, treatment