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Fear of Childbirth and The Postpartum Period: A Scale Development and Validation Study

  • Gül KİTAPÇIOĞLU
  • Emre YANIKKEREM
  • Ümran SEVİL
  • Derya YÜKSEL

Meandros Med Dent J 2008;9(1):47-54

The aim of the study was identification of women with fear of childbirth and the postpartum period. This crosssectional analytic study was conducted in a primary health care center of Manisa between June 2006 and January 2007. 203 women were included. Data were collected via a questionnaire consisting of two parts. The first part included demographic and reproductive characteristics, the second part was a fear of childbirth and postpartum period questionnaire which had been developed by the researchers. Validity and reliability analysis of the fear of childbirth and postpartum period questionnaire was positive. Factor analysis, primary component analysis and varimax were used for validity. The principle component analysis used for factor analysis with a varimax rotation produced 10 factors. Internal reliability of the questionnaire was determined by the use of the Cronbach coefficient alpha. Statistical package program was used for calculation and analysis of the data. It is important for health practitioners to ask pregnant women about their feelings and fears concerning the current pregnancy, expected childbirth, and postpartum period.

Keywords: Fear of childbirth and postpartum period scale, delivery, postpartum period, pregnant