Original Article

Effect of Perceived Social Support Level among School of Healthy Students on Smoking

  • Meryem BARAN
  • Gülden Küçükakça
  • Gülsün AYRAN

Meandros Med Dent J 2014;15(1):9-15


This study was conducted with the aim of determining the smoking status and the level of Perceived Social Support of the School of Health students.

Materials and Methods:

This descriptive and cros-sectional study was made in Erzincan University School of Health in the 2012-2013 academic year. In this study there was no sample selection made and 270 students studying in the nursing department were included in this study. However, the study was conducted with 228 students who can be access edandagreed to participate (response rate 84%). The data were collected with the questionnaire containing sociodemographic characteristics of students and by using Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Analysis of the data obtained was performed with the SPSS 19.0 package program, descriptive statistics, t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, correlation, variance tests and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.


68.9% of the students who participated in the study were girls, 31.1% of students were men. The average total Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support score was 63.39±16.72, perceived social support average score from family was defined as 23.45±5.68. While 24.1% of the students were found current smoker, smoker students' average score of social support they perceive from their family (21.56±6.50) was defined significantly lower than the ones' (24.81±4.47) who were non-smoker (p<0.05).


The score averages of social support perceived by students were generally found to be at a good level. Gender, income level, being a smoker have been found to be effective on social support.

Keywords: Student, social support, smoking