Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

  • Sevin KIRDAR
  • M. Bülent ERTUĞRUL

Received Date: 29.07.2008 Accepted Date: 13.10.2008 Meandros Med Dent J 2009;10(2):45-52

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal viral infection by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus which is member of the Bunyaviridae family, Nairovirus genus is transmitted to humans through infected ticks. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever was first recognized in the Crimean peninsula in 1944. The disease now occurs frequently throughout Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. First cases have been reported in Turkey in 2002. 1820 cases and 92 deaths were reported until 2007. In our country, cases have especially been seen northern-east Anatolia. There has been a substantial increase in cases reports from the west part ofTurkey recently. HoweverAydın is nonendemic, first cases detected in 2006 and the number of cases have been reached 29.We aimed to inform on Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and to analyze the clinical properties of detected cases.

Keywords: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, clinic, diagnosis