Biochemical Approach to Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders

  • Mustafa ALTINIŞIK

Received Date: 15.08.2009 Accepted Date: 17.08.2009 Meandros Med Dent J 2010;11(1):51-59

Carbohydrates such as sugar and starch are an important component of human diet inworld'smost important part. There are several functions of carbohydrates in organism. Known as blood sugar, glucose is body's most important carbohydrate and is the most important fuel of mammalian tissue. After 12-hours of normal fasting blood glucose level is between 60-70 mg % (3,3-3,9 mmol/L). Events causing an increase and/or decrease in blood glucose levels are effective in reducing the event's direction and the direction of the blood glucose level in the amplifier effectively create the events of carbohydrate metabolism. Blood glucose level measurement and other biochemical tests are important in detecting disorders of carbohydrate metabolism and determining treatment strategies. In this review, Iwill give general information about the carbohydrates and theirmetabolism, anddiscuss biochemical tests usedtodiagnose commoncarbohydratemetabolismdisorders.

Keywords: Carbohydrates, carbohydratemetabolismdisorders, bloodglucose level